Breast augmentation is a type of plastic surgery that gives a woman many options in changing the size and shape of her breasts. Technology and medical procedures have improved dramatically in recent years, and this type of cosmetic surgery is far less invasive than in the past.
This surgery can be performed under general anesthesia or on an outpatient-basis, with the woman receiving a local anesthetic. The surgeon inserts an implant behind the breast tissue or above the breast muscle. This is done through small incisions. The incisions are usually made in one of four different areas: under the breast, around the nipple, in the armpit or in the navel area. A special instrument is used to create a small pocket that allows the surgeon to insert an implant with minimal incisions. This should only be performed by a board-certified plastic surgeon with a lot of experience.
Choosing the size of the desired implant is a crucial step. Most surgeons strongly recommend that a woman choose implants that will produce natural looking results, based on her body frame.
The cons of this surgery revolve around the healing process. After surgery, a woman’s breasts usually become very swollen, tender and bruised. It takes time to recover fully. A special surgical bra is usually worn for a few days after this surgery to support the breasts and to allow healing. A woman will need to avoid heavy lifting or exercise until she has completely healed. After several weeks, she can usually return to her normal routines. Decreased sensitivity in the nipples may occur, but this usually disappears in time. A woman who is planning on breast-feeding should discuss this with her doctor. Some scarring may remain permanently. However, a good surgeon will take care to make this as minimal as possible. As with any plastic surgery, there are risks of infection or adverse reactions to the anesthesia. A woman should be in good health before undergoing this surgery.
The pros to this type of cosmetic surgery are often dramatic: Small-breasted women can have breasts of almost any size or shape they want. Likewise, women who are displeased with their sagging breasts will be pleased with the youthful appearance of their breasts after such surgery. Self-confidence usually increases, too, as a woman feels more comfortable with her body. The most positive results occur in women who choose a natural-size implant. The results aren’t shocking, but rather create a natural and acceptable shape to a woman’s body.