A facelift - technically called a rhytidectomy - is a type of plastic surgery that enhances a person's facial appearance. It works most efficiently in the mid-face, between a person's nose and eyelids. The surgeon repositions fat deposits in the face and actually pulls up the skin of the face up, thus making the face look much younger. This procedure virtually eliminates sagging skin and tightens a person's facial skin, giving the patient a younger and livelier appearance. Problems of sagging skin can also be eliminated. The procedure can remove excess fat, tighten muscles and reshape a person's facial skin. Sometimes, this plastic surgery can be done at the same time as other cosmetic surgeries, such as an eyelid lift or nose job.
A facelift is a fairly extensive process. The surgeon must make deep incisions into the facial muscles. Depending on the desired results and the surgeon may use an endoscope in the surgery. The endoscope allows the surgeon to see internal images of the patient through very small incisions. Several incisions are made in various locations on the patient's face. Through these incisions the surgeon can see exactly what must be done to obtain the desired results. The center of the face is pulled upwards and usually reduces the number of wrinkles. Often the patient's appearance is dramatically changed. A successful plastic surgery procedure such as this can literally make a person appear many years younger.
The best candidates for this type of cosmetic surgery are those patients who want to look younger, but realize that the procedure won't completely change the way they look. They will still be recognizable, but will often appear years younger. A person should check out many doctors, to find the right one. A successful operation leaves a person looking younger, but their appearance doesn't seem fake. The best candidates are those who have deep lines in the corners or their mouths or lack a well-defined jaw line. These issues are often fixed successfully.
Medical technology has come a long way. In the past, a facelift simply meant pulling the skin back, which gave the patient the look of someone walking into a strong wind. Now, this operation can be done in an hour and gives a much more natural appearance.
The cons of this plastic surgery include facial swelling, pain and bruising, which can be quite severe at first. However, medicines can be given to alleviate the problems. A patient will usually have some stitches. These are removed seven to ten days after surgery. A patient shouldn't exercise for six weeks after surgery, as the body must be given time to heal and recover. Nerve damage is always a risk. If this occurs, a second operation may be needed to fix the problem. In rare circumstances, permanent numbness may occur.
The pros to this cosmetic surgery include restoring sagging skin to its more youthful appearance. The effects of this procedure can last up to ten years. A person will have very minimal scarring.